- German Police Take Off Helmets and March with Occupy Protesters (talesfromthelou.wordpress.com)
The South American country has launched a program entitled ‘Redemption Through Reading’ in its four crowded federal prisons that allows prisoners to cut 48 days off their sentence each year by reading up to twelve books.
Eligible inmates to take part in the program will be chosen by a special panel and then given a chance to select from works of literature, philosophy, science, or the classics.
According to Brazilian officials, each inmate then will have four weeks to finish the book and then write an essay that must “make correct use of paragraphs, be free of corrections, use margins and legible joined-up writing.”
Organizers believe such programs enable inmates to “leave prison more enlightened and with an enlarged vision of the world.”
As a 2012 Human Rights Watch report indicates that detention centers in Brazil “are severely overcrowded, lengthy pre-trial detention is the norm…Forced labor persists in some states despite federal efforts to eradicate it.”
- Brazilian prisoners given novel way to reduce their sentence (guardian.co.uk)
- Out of prison through books: Brazilian inmates may shorten terms by reading – RT (aboriginalpress.wordpress.com)
29 June, 2012,
Cassini’s View of Titan (Photo from nasa.gov)
Titan, one of the most interesting objects in our Solar system, may have an ocean of water beneath its thick ice crust layer. Scientists say large deposits of water drastically increase the possibility of life on the moon.
Saturn’s largest moon Titan is one of the few objects in our system that can boast a true atmosphere. The moon also has developed a climate, with oceans and lakes of methane and ethane on its surface.
The results of the measurements obtained by NASA’s Cassini spacecraft, which passed Titan six times between 2004-2011, made a group of scientists at Italy’s Università La Sapienza in Rome believe that the moon possess not just liquid hydrocarbons, but water as well.
“The presence of water does not imply life,” explained Luciano Iess. “But Titan has many interesting ingredients – hydrocarbons, a hydrological cycle and a thick atmosphere.”
The Cassini spacecraft was launched in 1997 and reached Saturn in 2004. Cassini’s mission was expected to last until 2008, but since then it has been prolonged twice: first for 27 months, then till 2017.
The orbit of Titan is elliptical so the gravitation it is exposed to is changing, squeezing and stretching the moon. These changes were registered by the Cassini–Huygens mission.
Electrical field measurements and other data collected by the Huygens probe that landed on Titan on January 14, 2005 also contributed a lot to the mathematical modeling of Titan’s structure.
Titan, which is about twice as big as our own Moon, turned out to be excessively deformed by the gravitational field of its primary Saturn. If it were made of stone and ice, the deformations would be less evident.
Titan is in fact covered with a thick layer of ice that wouldn’t be deformed too much – unless there is a layer of a something softer underneath it. Scientists believe this layer consists of water with some salts dissolved in it.
The ocean is believed to lie 100 kilometer below the think shell of ice covering the natural satellite.
Determining, however, whether there actually is water on Titan will remain for quite a time, as there are currently no means to drill through 100 kilometers of moon ice.
There are other planets in the Solar System that presumably have water deposits under layers of ice and where microbial life might be found. The most encouraging candidates are Jupiter’s Europa, where another ocean is believed to exist under ice, and Enceladus, another Saturn moon, where geysers of methane have been registered.
The results of the latest Titan research have been published in The Science magazine.
Gardening guru Titchmarsh, 63, also said he wants horticulture to be taught in all secondary schools as a “useful life skill”.
Titchmarsh, who left school at 15 to become an apprentice council gardener, hopes soaring university tuition fees will see teenagers turn to careers in gardening.
He told Amateur Gardening magazine: “We’ve been in this ridiculous system where we’re sending everyone to university.
“It’s a mad way of proceeding.
“We need practical skills to keep the country going and the fact that they’ve been undervalued, underrated and under catered for is a great mistake in terms of our civilisation. We need to value these skills again.
“Increased tuition fees are putting people off going to university.
“What I’m hoping is that maybe horticulture is one of the things that can benefit from that.
“We need intelligence in these jobs as well. It’s stimulating; it’s growing food; it’s taking care of the landscape.
“We need to see a demonstration of the fact that cultivational skills, whether it’s agriculture or horticulture, are valued.
“We need them – we have to be fed. To undervalue them is incredibly short-sighted.”
Titchmarsh has been backing the Royal Horticultural Society’s Campaign for School Gardening.
He said that 15,500 primary schools nationwide were now participating in the scheme to get pupils growing fruit and veg.
But he went on: “I’m really keen that we should get horticulture back into secondary schools.
“People should understand it and shouldn’t be fearful of it.
“They spend so much time looking at screens now that they’re sort of divorced from it.
“It’s a useful life skill.”
Titchmarsh is highlighting the gardening industry’s need for 11,000 new entrants over the next decade.
He is calling on the Government to promote gardening as a serious career – after a survey found three quarters of young people believe it is only for ‘dropouts’.
He said: “This country is a patchwork quilt and each of us has a patch of it and it’s down to us to cherish that.
“The most important thing we face is getting across to government and the powers that be that ours is an important job and horticulture is something to encourage domestically and in schools, so that children and future generations grow up with an affinity to the land in all its forms rather than a fear of it because of a lack of understanding.
“As an industry we need to get that across in a way which is infectious.”
Titchmarsh previously had a dig at David Cameron for saying that he regarded gardening as requiring as much skill as collecting litter.
He complained of the PM: “We still have people in high places who will smile sweetly and say they didn’t really mean that gardening was as unskilled as litter picking and that they realise it can be a rewarding activity.
“Gardening is ingrained in the human psyche as an occupation that needs stamina and tenacity but not necessarily intelligence.
“Horticulture as a career has an image problem of considerable proportions.
“People should see apprenticeships and other career paths such as studentships at horticultural colleges as a valued and valid alternative, not as a second best option.
“I can’t imagine any other career offering so much variety; so much opportunity to someone with little more to offer than enthusiasm and a willingness to have a go.
“It is the most rewarding and most important career on offer, bar none.”
- “I just wanted to grow things…” Alan Titchmarsh (johnbald.typepad.com)
- Gardening is not just for drop-outs says Alan Titchmarsh (telegraph.co.uk)
- Alan Titchmarsh attacks David Cameron’s views on gardening (telegraph.co.uk)
- Angry Alan Titchmarsh blasts BBC’s Jubilee coverage (scotsman.com)
- Alan Titchmarsh: BBC jubilee was bloomin’ awful | Media Monkey (guardian.co.uk)
- Alan Titchmarsh goes back to school (telegraph.co.uk)
It has a christian prophecy angle to it but the photography is worth it.
June 29, 2012
A favorite theme of science fiction is “the portal”–an extraordinary opening in space or time that connects travelers to distant realms. A good portal is a shortcut, a guide, a door into the unknown. If only they actually existed….
It turns out that they do, sort of, and a NASA-funded researcher at the University of Iowa has figured out how to find them.
“We call them X-points or electron diffusion regions,” explains plasma physicist Jack Scudder of the University of Iowa. “They’re places where the magnetic field of Earth connects to the magnetic field of the Sun, creating an uninterrupted path leading from our own planet to the sun’s atmosphere 93 million miles away.”
Observations by NASA’s THEMIS spacecraft and Europe’s Cluster probes suggest that these magnetic portals open and close dozens of times each day. They’re typically located a few tens of thousands of kilometers from Earth where the geomagnetic field meets the onrushing solar wind. Most portals are small and short-lived; others are yawning, vast, and sustained. Tons of energetic particles can flow through the openings, heating Earth’s upper atmosphere, sparking geomagnetic storms, and igniting bright polar auroras.
NASA is planning a mission called “MMS,” short for Magnetospheric Multiscale Mission, due to launch in 2014, to study the phenomenon. Bristling with energetic particle detectors and magnetic sensors, the four spacecraft of MMS will spread out in Earth’s magnetosphere and surround the portals to observe how they work.
Just one problem: Finding them. Magnetic portals are invisible, unstable, and elusive. They open and close without warning “and there are no signposts to guide us in,” notes Scudder.
Actually, there are signposts, and Scudder has found them.
Portals form via the process of magnetic reconnection. Mingling lines of magnetic force from the sun and Earth criss-cross and join to create the openings. “X-points” are where the criss-cross takes place. The sudden joining of magnetic fields can propel jets of charged particles from the X-point, creating an “electron diffusion region.”
To learn how to pinpoint these events, Scudder looked at data from a space probe that orbited Earth more than 10 years ago.
“In the late 1990s, NASA’s Polar spacecraft spent years in Earth’s magnetosphere,” explains Scudder, “and it encountered many X-points during its mission.”
Because Polar carried sensors similar to those of MMS, Scudder decided to see how an X-point looked to Polar. “Using Polar data, we have found five simple combinations of magnetic field and energetic particle measurements that tell us when we’ve come across an X-point or an electron diffusion region. A single spacecraft, properly instrumented, can make these measurements.”
This means that single member of the MMS constellation using the diagnostics can find a portal and alert other members of the constellation. Mission planners long thought that MMS might have to spend a year or so learning to find portals before it could study them. Scudder’s work short cuts the process, allowing MMS to get to work without delay.
It’s a shortcut worthy of the best portals of fiction, only this time the portals are real. And with the new “signposts” we know how to find them.
The work of Scudder and colleagues is described in complete detail in the June 1 issue of the Physical Review Letters.
- Sun Blasts Huge Magnetic Bubble at Earth (news.discovery.com)
- This Video Will Make You Grateful for the Earth’s Magnetosphere (universetoday.com)
- Space Pictures This Week: White Marble, China Module, More (news.nationalgeographic.com)
- NASA finds hidden ocean on Saturn’s moon Titan [Video] (io9.com)
With kind permission from Soren at Zen Haven
By Stuart Wilde
The secret societies like the Bildebergers are coagulated power trips, black goop, made of people that feel especially selected. It’s a disease I call, ‘The Cult of the Chosen One’.
Those power trips are often linked to black magic, the evoking of a dark power over people. The desire to dominate and control is intrinsically sexual at its root core, and it is always a black net that is thrown over people
The Bilderbergers are named after a hotel where the first meeting was held. The society was formed by the Nazi, Prince Bernard of Lippe-Biesterfelf of the Netherlands. He was a sex addict and a SS officer, he wore his Nazi uniform throughout the war, then he formed his secret society.
Many prominent Zionist are members of it. Why would they join a Nazi fascist society, a political ideal that tried to rub them out, unless they were into the same dark power? Interesting.
Politics is a form of black magic, because the members of a body politic attempt to milk and control citizens under invocations and spells they call laws. Laws are incantations to the black gods of pain and restriction.
So the Zionist that control America’s Congress through bribery and donations are in the league with the fascists, who are also racist supremacists that lust for control, and they are all linked to the black magicians with their blood rites, and their covens, and sex magic, and they are with the satanic pedophile priests in the Vatican.
In the hell worlds all the supremacists and black magicians and power mongers are all one. There is only one evil with millions of faces.
Control and manipulation is all a form of devil worship, even if a person doesn’t perform rituals and incantations. Lust for power, greed, sexual domination, racial supremacy, is all devilish. Any dark thoughts or dark emotions people fire at others are essentially the black arts, a magic they use as they seek to do harm to others. They are not part of the God light, the greatest love you can offer is to allow people to be free.
It’s our karma to find ourselves in the grand illusion of many devilish wankers!
But in the end all that is hidden is exposed. Secrecy dies. The black incantations of intolerance fall to silence, darkness is destroyed. Their sperm bank of perpetual evil is robbed from them.
More: > Here
- Archaeologists working at the site of La Corona in Guatemala have discovered a 1,300 year-old year-old Maya text that provides only the second known reference to the so-called “end date” for the Maya calendar on December 21, 2012. The discovery, one of the most significant hieroglyphic find in decades, was announced today at the National Palace in Guatemala.
“This text talks about ancient political history rather than prophecy,” says Marcello A. Canuto, Director of Tulane’s Middle American Research Institute and co-director of the excavations at the Maya ruins of La Corona. “This new evidence suggests that the 13 Bak’tun date was an important calendrical event that would have been celebrated by the ancient Maya; however, they make no apocalyptic prophecies whatsoever regarding the date,” says Canuto.
La Corona for many decades has been known as the enigmatic “Site Q,” the source of many looted sculptures whose whereabouts had remained a mystery until its rediscovery only fifteen years ago. For the past five years, Marcello A. Canuto and Tomás Barrientos Q. (Director of the Centro de Investigaciones Arqueológicas y Antropológicas at Universidad del Valle de Guatemala) have directed the La Corona Regional Archaeological Project (PRALC) which has been investigating this intriguing Classic Maya city and its jungle environs.
In 2012, Canuto and Barrientos decided to excavate in front of a building that had been heavily damaged nearly 40 years ago by looters looking for carved stones and tombs. “Last year, we realized that looters of a particular building had discarded some carved stones because they were too eroded to sell on the antiquities black market,” said co-director Barrientos, “so we knew they found something important, but we also thought they might have missed something.” In fact, in 2012, excavations not only recovered 10 more discarded hieroglyphic stones but also something that the looters missed entirely—an untouched step with a set of 12 exquisitely carved stones still in their original location (in total, 22 carved stones were recovered). Combined with the known looted blocks, the original staircase had a total of no less than 264 hieroglyphs, making it one of the longest ancient Maya texts known, and the longest in Guatemala.
While the archaeological team investigated when and how this particular staircase was built, Dr. David Stuart, director of the Mesoamerica Center of the University of Texas at Austin undertook the decipherment of the many new hieroglyphic texts. Stuart was part of the first archaeological expedition to La Corona in 1997, and has been reading and reconstructing the site’s history ever since. The stairway inscription relates 200-years’ worth of political history of La Corona, its allies, and its enemies. Consistent with these themes, some of these stones portray rulers in various poses accepting tribute, dancing, and preparing to play the Maya ballgame.
Another entirely unexpected discovery was made on another stairway block bearing 56 delicately carved hieroglyphs. Stuart recognized that it commemorated a royal visit to La Corona in AD 696 by the most powerful Maya ruler of that time, Yuknoom Yich’aak K’ahk’ of Calakmul (located in modern Campeche, Mexico), also known as Fire Claw or Jaguar Paw. Calakmul had been an immensely powerful kingdom for centuries until its king was defeated in battle by his longstanding rival Tikal (located in modern Peten, Guatemala) on August 3, 695. “Scholars had assumed that the Calakmul king died or was captured in this engagement” says Stuart, “but this new extraordinary text from La Corona text tells us otherwise.”
It turns out that the defeated Calakmul king was neither killed nor captured; in fact, in the wake of his inglorious defeat, he was visiting La Corona and perhaps other trusted allies to allay their fears after his defeat. Why the reference to the year 2012? Does it provide a prophecy of what is to come? No, the reference to this important date has much more to do with events in the 7th rather than 21st century.
The key to understanding the reference to 2012 is a unique title that this Calakmul king gives himself. In the text, he calls himself the “13 K’atun lord”—that is, the king who presided over and celebrated an important calendar ending, the 13th K’atun cycle (126.96.36.199.0). This event had occurred just a few years before in AD 692. In order to vaunt himself even further and place his reign and accomplishments into an eternal setting, he connects himself forward in time to when the next higher period of the Maya calendar would reach the same 13 number—that is, December 21, 2012 (188.8.131.52.0).
Rather than prophesy, the 2012 reference served to place this king’s troubled reign and accomplishments into a larger cosmological framework. “This was a time of great political turmoil in the Maya region and this king felt compelled to allude to a larger cycle of time that happens to end in 2012,” says Stuart. This evidence is consistent with the only other reference to the 2012 date in ancient Maya inscriptions—Monument 6 from Tortuguero, Mexico. “What this text shows us is that in times of crisis, the ancient Maya used their calendar to promote continuity and stability rather than predict apocalypse,” says Canuto.
The project continues to study and record these newly carved stones, others of which record other important episodes of ancient Maya history. Furthermore, the project plans to continue to fieldwork at La Corona, directed by Tulane University and the Universidad del Valle de Guatemala, supported by the Ministry of Culture of Guatemala
More information: Images (c) Tulane University.
Provided by Tulane University
- Prophecy & Utopia – Re: Maya Archaeologists Unearth New 2012 Monument With End D (disclose.tv)
- Maya Archaeologists Unearth New 2012 Monument With ‘End Date’ of Dec. 21, 2012 (thesciencebulletin.wordpress.com)